Hacking SOHO Routers

The purpose of this paper is to outline the security measures being taken by vendors to prevent such attacks in their home routing products, what those security measures accomplish, and where they fall short. We will use existing network tools to examine common vulnerabilities in a range of popular devices and demonstrate weaknesses in the […]

Understanding /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow

Q. Can you explain /etc/passwd file format for Linux and UNIX operating systems? A. /etc/passwd file stores essential information, which is required during login i.e. user account information. /etc/passwd is a text file, that contains a list of the system’s accounts, giving for each account some useful information like user ID, group ID, home directory, […]